About the Author
View more articles by Chad O'Carroll
Chad O'Carroll has written on North Korea since 2010 and writes between London and Seoul.
Engage or isolate? Praise or punish? Depending on who you talk to, suggested strategies and tactics to improve the lives of ordinary North Koreans will range significantly.
Although some seek to help North Korean citizens in a way that is 100% amenable to the Pyongyang government, others believe it's better to do so in ways that explicitly undermine the Kim Jong Un leadership. Others, however, believe a middling approach is preferable, and that a "carrot and stick" approach can both improve the lives of North Koreans while simultaneously stimulating improvements in Pyongyang's "behavior".