August 10, 2020

Sanctions breach suspected in large-scale China-North Korea sand dredging: C4ADS
Haeju Bay near inter-Korean border was home to 6-month dredging operation in 2019

A fleet of almost 300 ships without international identifiers traveled to the waters just off North Korea’s west-coast city of Haeju for months last year to dredge up tons of ocean sand before returning to China, a new report released Friday revealed.

Sand is a resource prohibited for export from North Korea according to UN sanctions, and the dredging operation, detailed in up-close satellite images and ship activity heat maps by the U.S.-based organization C4ADS, could constitute a major sanctions breach.