December 05, 2023

How sanctions are – and aren’t – affecting aid work in North Korea

Humanitarian impact may not be entirely due to sanctions, investigation shows

On January 6, 2016, North Korea announced that it had successfully detonated a “miniaturized hydrogen bomb,” its fourth nuclear test in 10 years.

Thousands of North Koreans gathered in Pyongyang two days later to celebrate with a mass rally and dance in Kim Il Sung Square. That it was also Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un’s 32nd birthday may or may not have been a coincidence; a giant fireworks display exploded overhead.