North Korea reiterated its call for a peace treaty with the U.S. on Thursday via a white paper published by the North’s Korea Jurists Committee.
The committee said that the U.S. violated clause D of article 13 – which regulates bringing weapons into Korea – of the Armistice Agreement ending the Korean War. It also faulted the U.S. for its 1991 decision designating a Korean general as the representative of the military armistice commission (MAC).
“A peace treaty is an international one which should be concluded to put a definite end to the state of war from a legal point of view and establish relations of lasting peace,” the white paper reads.
The white paper also mentioned Pyongyang’s push for nuclear weapons as a countermeasure to the U.S.’s “harsh, hostile policy toward the DPRK.” This remark also appeared in Kim Jong Un’s New Year’s speech.
“The U.S. has turned away from our just demand regarding the creation of a peaceful environment removing the danger of war and easing the tension, by changing the Armistice Agreement to the peace treaty. It has been obsessed with its anachronistic anti-DPRK policy,” Kim said on January 1.
The UN, China and North Korea signed the Armistice Agreement in July 1953 to cease the Korean War. North Korea has since the 1960s spoken in favor of a peace treaty to replace the armistice.
Since the “successful H-bomb test” on January 6, this argument has appeared more frequently, citing foreign organizations and local media.
On January 10, North Korea’s state-run Rodong Sinmun newspaper published an editorial, calling for transitioning from the armistice to a permanent peace treaty.
“The H-bomb test evidenced the failure of the U.S.’s anti-DPRK policy. Clearly speaking, the ‘strategic patience’ policy is doomed to collapse,” it reads, referring to the Obama administration’s unofficial policy of not engaging the North until it displays a sincere interest in denuclearizing.
North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Su Yong raised the issue of a treaty on October 1 at United Nations General Assembly. In 2013, during a period of heightening tensions following its third nuclear test, Pyongyang announced that it had rescinded the armistice.
Lee Ju-cheol, a researcher at the Korea Broadcasting System, said that U.S. pre-conditions for starting discussions with North Korea are mismatched.
“It is not clear that North Korea would give up its nukes on the condition of the peace treaty,” Lee told NK News.
But Sung Kim, the U.S.’s chief representative for the Six-Party Talks, has insisted on North Korea’s duty to give up nuclear capability first.
“We have no interest in entering into any such discussions,” he said in last October.
Contrary to Pyongyang’s insistence on the U.S. as a negotiating partner, renowned Korean War scholar and Yonsei University professor Park Myeong-lim has suggested that the two Koreas should lead the peace treaty.
“A peace treaty between Pyongyang and Washington would be very dangerous … it means assigning the peace and security of Korea to the U.S., which will increase the influence of the U.S. This confirms the contradiction that North Korea’s position has,” he wrote in a paper entitled “The Inter-Korean Peace Treaty and Peace of the Korean Peninsula.”
Join the influential community of members who rely on NK News original news and in-depth reporting.
Subscribe to read the remaining 539 words of this article.
Featured Image: DMZ Visit 2010 by Ray Cunningham on 2010-08-08 12:02:35